Type Of Tiles
Ceramic tiles are made from clay and other natural materials, which are molded and shaped and then fired at high temperatures. Some ceramic tiles are coloured traditionally and are left without a glaze, while others are given colour or any design and then given a glazed finish which will either be matte or a high gloss.
Many consider porcelain as a revolutionary product in the ceramic sector. Porcelain tile is a tough type of ceramic tile. When compared to other natural stones, it has high mechanical resistance and high resistance to scratching and chemical spills. Porcelain also has a high resistance to deep abrasion, thermal shock, and freezing.
This is a type of baked earth or earthenware clay-based ceramic that can be produced glazed or unglazed. It is usually a natural brownish-orange colour and is used as roofing tiles or flooring tiles in buildings and houses.
Sandstone is a classic sedimentary rock that contains sand-sized mineral particles usually composed of quartz or feldspar silicates. Sandstone comes in a variety of colours because of impurities in the minerals. It is a common and popular building material, aside from its use as floor tiles.
Travertine is a terrestrial sedimentary rock mainly composed of calcite and with a crystalline-like texture. This natural stone is mostly found at hot springs or limestone caves due to the limestone deposits, hence the calcite. A favourite stone material for construction, it is commonly used as floor tiles, walls, backsplashes, countertops, paved patios, and garden paths.
This is a sedimentary rock mainly composed of calcium carbonate or calcite mineral. Since it is sedimentary, it forms from the accumulation of shell, coral and algae. This means it forms only in clear, warm, and shallow marine waters. Limestone is commonly made into crushed stone and used as construction material. It is also cut into blocks or slabs and used as floor tiles, facing stone, stair treads, and roofing materials.
This is a fine-grained metamorphic rock that is formed through the low-grade metamorphism of shale or mudstone. Though slate can be composed of clay minerals or micas depending on the degree of metamorphism, it may also contain amounts of quartz, feldspar, calcite, pyrite, and hematite. Because of its durability and attractiveness, it is popular for flooring and roofing.
Terrazzo is not natural stone; it is a composite material that is precast from chips of marble, quartz, granite, glass, and other suitable material. A cement, chemical, or polymeric binder is poured with the material to form the slabs of stone commonly used for flooring or walls. Metal strips are also commonly used to divide sections.
Marble is another form of metamorphic rock that forms when limestone undergoes the heat and pressure of metamorphism. It is primarily composed of calcite while also having traces of clay minerals, micas, quartz, pyrite, iron oxides, and graphite. For construction, it is commonly made into crushed stone or dimension stone and used for building foundations, monuments, flooring, sculptures, and paving.
This is a light-coloured igneous rock with large grains that is very visible. Granite is primarily composed of feldspar and quartz with small levels of mica, amphiboles, and other minerals. The stone is commonly used for countertops, floor tiles, paving stone, stair treads, building veneer, cemetery monuments, and curling stones.